- UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW, 1979, http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CEDAW.aspx
- UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, 1993 un.org/documents/ga/res/48/a48r104.htm
- CoE Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, Istanbul Convention, 2011 coe.int/t/dghl/standardsetting/convention-violence/brief_en.asp
Throughout the world, one in three women will experience violence in their lifetime, such as beating, rape, or assault.” This figure was first reported by UNIFEM a decade ago [in 2003]. Its validity has since been validated & elucidated—as the following research information will show.
Below are some up-to-date facts concerning Violence Against Women from UN Women that you can use in our Zonta Says NO to Violence Against Women campaign.
According to a 2013 global review of available data,
- 35 percent of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence. However, some national violence studies show that up to 70 percent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime from an intimate partner.
- In Australia, Canada, Israel, South Africa and the United States, intimate partner violence accounts for between 40 and 70 per cent of female murder victims.
- More than 64 million girls worldwide are child brides, with 46 per cent of women aged 20–24 in South Asia and 41 per cent in West and Central Africa reporting that they married before the age of 18. Child marriage resulting in early and unwanted pregnancies poses life-threatening risks for adolescent girls; worldwide, pregnancy-related complications are the leading cause of death for 15-to-19-year-old girls.
- Approximately 140 million girls and women in the world have suffered female genital mutilation/cutting.
- Trafficking ensnares millions of women and girls in modern-day slavery. Women and girls represent 55 per cent of the estimated 20.9 million victims of forced labour worldwide, and 98 per cent of the estimated 4.5 million forced into sexual exploitation.
- Rape has been a rampant tactic in modern wars. Conservative estimates suggest that 20,000 to 50,000 women were raped during the 1992–1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina , while approximately 250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were targeted in the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
- Between 40 and 50 per cent of women in European Union countries experience unwanted sexual advances, physical contact or other forms of sexual harassment at work.
- In the United States, 83 per cent of girls aged 12 to 16 have experienced some form of sexual harassment in public schools.
- Women in urban areas are twice as likely as men to experience violence, particularly in developing countries.
- Women are already two to four times more likely than men to become infected with HIV during intercourse. Forced sex or rape increases this risk by limiting condom use and causing physical injuries.